It is a fact of life that at one time or another a community or nation will be faced with an adversity, a calamity, a catastrophe, a disaster or emergency, natural or man-made. Realizing disaster as a fact of life and the need to prepare for its eventuality led the Federal Government to formulate a National Policy on Disaster Management, which is meant to cater for required responsibilities of the Federal, States and Local Governments respectively when disasters occur.
Government at all levels, NGOS and Civil Society Organizations, the private sector, International Development Partners and United Nations Agencies have pursued a wide range of strategies and programmes to prevent and respond to disaster situations. However, these initiatives have been undertaken in a less consistent and harmonious manner and remained reactive and uncoordinated outside a coherent policy framework.
There have to be policies and plans to protect those who are willing to help in the time of emergence and disasters.
National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) in conjunction with UNDP and other agencies have developed a number of policies, plans and strategies for managing disaster risk in Nigeria.
Some of these notable plans include the following:
- National Disaster Response Plan (NDRP) – 2001
- The Integrated National Avian and Pandanic Influenza Response Plan 2007
- Search and Rescue and Epidemic Evacuation Plan (SAREEP) – 2009
- National Contingency Plan on Infrastructural Resuscitation (NCPIR) – 2010
- National Disaster Management Framework (NDMF) – 2011
- National Contingency Plan (NCP) – 2012
- NEMA Standard Operation Procedure – 2012
- Guideline for use of Military Assets and Personnel during Disater – 2012
- The Nigerian National Pandamic Influennza Preparedness Response Plan 2012
- Armed Forces of Nigeria Pandanic Contingency Plan (MAGA) – 2013
- Military Assistance to Civil Authority Contingency Plan (MACA) – 2013