DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY (DMP) IN NIGERIA WITH EMPHASIS ON POLICY PROCESS

DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENTAND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS. ii

ABSTRACT.. iv

1.0        INTRODUCTION.. 1

2.0        DEFINITION OF TERMS. 2

2.1        Disaster. 2

2.2        Disaster Risk Reduction (Mitigation). 2

2.3        Public. 3

2.4        The Public Policy Process: 3

3.0        DISASTER MANAGEMENT.. 3

4.0        DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE.. 4

5.0        TYPES OF DISASTER.. 5

6.0        THE POLICY MAKING PROCESS. 7

6.1        Identifying Policy Problems. 8

6.1.1         Agenda Setting. 8

6.1.2         Nondecisions. 8

6.1.3         Political Ideology. 9

6.1.4         Special Interests. 9

6.1.5         The Mass Media. 10

6.2        Formulating policy Proposals. 11

6.3        Legitimizing Public Policy. 11

6.4        Implementing Public Policy. 12

6.5        Evaluating Social Welfare Policy. 13

6.6        8Ps of Changing Policy through Grassroots Action. 13

7.0        OBJECTIVES AND IMPERATIVES OF THE POLICY.. 15

8.0        EVALUATION OF DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND PLAN IN  NIGERIA (CASE STUDY OF NDMF, 2011). 17

9.0        CONCLUSION.. 19

10.0     FINDINGS. 19

11.0     RECOMMENDATIONS. 20

REFERENCES. 22

ABSTRACT

Policy making involves a combination of processes. Although not always clear-cut or easily distinguishable, political scientists have identified these processes for purposes of analysis. This paper is an attempt to discuss the Disaster Management Policy (DMP) in Nigeria with emphasis on the Policy making process. The introduction captured the series of eleven (11) Disaster Management Policies and plan IN Nigeria from 2001 to 2013. While section two defines the key terms of Disaster, Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster management, Public Policy and Public Policy Process before looking at the concept of Disaster Management, Disaster Management Cycle and Types of Disasters Section six is a detailed analysis of the Policy making Process of identifying policy problem, formulating policy proposal, legitimizing public policy, implementing public policy, evaluating public policy and the 8Ps on changing policy through grassroots action. Finally, the National Disaster Management Framework (NDMF) was evaluated and with special emphasis on community involvement and participation and conclusions and four(4) findings were drawn which lead to 15 recommendations for fortune implementation.

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