AN EVALUATION ON THE EFFECT OF GROUP COUNSELING ON REDUCTION OF SUBSTANCES ABUSE AMONG YOUTH

Guidance and Counseling

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to Evaluate The Effects of Group Counselling on Substances Abuse among Youth  in Zamfara State. Substance abuse refers to the harmful or hazardous use of psychoactive substances, including alcohol and illicit drugs. Psychoactive substance use can lead to dependence syndrome – a cluster of behavioural, cognitive, and physiological phenomena that develop after repeated substance use and that typically include a strong desire to take the drug, difficulties in controlling its use, persisting in its use despite harmful consequences, a higher priority given to drug use than to other activities and obligations, increased tolerance, and sometimes a physical withdrawal state.. Descriptive survey research design was used and a sample size of 50 was withdrawn from the target population. The instrument used to collect data was structured questionnaire that fulfilled the validity and reliability standard. The data were collected by the researcher and one other research assistance. The data were sorted, analysed and presented using statistical tools, frequency distribution tables and percentages. The findings of the study revealed the effects of group counselling on substances abuse among youth which represent mean value of 2.5 and above as agreement level indicated that there is effectiveness of group counselling on substances abuse while 2.4 and below are regarded as disagreement which shows that there are no effects of group counselling on substances abuse. Based on these findings recommendations, the researcher made the following recommendations were made: (i) Make Proper planning (ii)elimination of barrires in communication (ii)  Maintain Confidentiality (iii) Associate yourself with your audience by greeting and jokes for a few minutes so as to gain their attention of the participants. (iv) Know the subject matter of your talk/discussion very well and be able to give accurate information. (v) Write down the ideas that rise in your mind when thinking about the subject matter (vi) Avoid the use of professional and technical terms or jargons (vii)The discussion should be divided in to three parts; introduction, body, summary and others.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents                                                                                                         Pages

Title page ———————————————————————————-i

Certification page ————————————————————————i

Dedication ——————————————————————————–ii

Acknowledgment —————————————————— ——— ——–iii

Abstract ———————————————————————————–vii

Table of content —————————————————————– — —-viii

List of tables ———————————————————————– — –xi

Chapter One

  • Introduction – –           –           –           –           –           –           –           – 1

1.1       Background of the study –       –           –           –           –           –           – 1

1.2       Statement of the problem –      –           –           –           –           –           – 2

1.3       Objectives of the study –          –           –           –           –           –           – 3

1.4     Significance of the study –    –    –           –           –           –           –        –   3

1.5     Research questions    –      –        –           –           –           –           –           -4

1.6     Scope of the study /delimitation –                      –           –           –           -4

1.7     Limitation of the study  –           –           –           –           –           –           -4

1.8       Operational definition of terms –          –           –           –           –           -4

Chapter two

Literature review

2.1.1    Concept of Evaluation –          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           5                                                2.1.2.   Evaluation in teaching and Learning –   –       –       –             –              –           –           6                                  2.1.3   Purpose of Evaluation in Education           –     –       –             –                        –       –    –         6    2.1.4   Characteristics of a Good Evaluation Programme       –           –           –           –           7              2.1.5   Principles of Evaluation     –  –         –        –              –           –           –           –           8   2.1.6.  Functions of Evaluation      –     –     –       –        –  –          –           –           –          9                            2.1.7. Group Counseling – –          –           –           –           –            –           –           –           –           10 2.1.8. Rules in Counseling Groups –          –           –           –           –           –            –           –           10                       2.1.9. Time and place of Groups      –           –           –           –           –           –            –           11     2.1.10. Group Dynamics            –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           11 2.1.11. Group Stages –            –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           12           2.1.12. Group Counseling Skills –       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           12  2.1.13. How counseling works              –           –           –           –           –           –           –           13        2.1.14. Substance abuse         –           –           –            –           –           –           –           –           13 2.1.15. Signs and symptoms of Substance Abuse  –           –           –            –           –           14    2.1.16. Aetiology of Drug Abuse/Risk Factors   –           –           –           –           –           15 2.1.17. Explanation of some Causes of Substance abuse in the society          –           –           16                                             2.1.18. Commonly Abused Drugs      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           19 2.1.19. Consequences of substance abuse  –   –           –           –           –           –           –           22                           2.1.20. National Drug Control Strategy    –      –           –           –           –           –           –           23                 2.2 Theoretical Framework –      –           –            –           –           –           –           –           –           24               2.3 Empirical Review     –           –           –           –            –           –           –           –           –           26                       2.4 Summary/ Conclusion  –             –           –           –            –           –           –           –           28

Chapter three                                                                                                    Research methodology

3.0 Introduction    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        29

3.1 Research design        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        29

3.2 Area of study- –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        29

3.3 Population of the study –    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        30

3.4 Sample and sampling Techniques –       –        –        –        –        –  –     30

3.5 Instruments for data collection –   –        –        –        –        –        –        30

3.6 Validity and Reliability of Instrument    –        –        –        –        –        30

3.7 Method for data collection –        –        –        –        –        –        –        31

3.8 Data analysis – –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        31

Chapter Four

Presentation and analysis of data

  • Introduction – –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           32

4.1       socio-Demographic profile –          –           –           –           –           –           –           32

Chapter Five

5.0 Introduction –     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           37

5.1 Re-statement of the problem – –           –           –           –           –           –           –           37

5.2 Discussion of the finding  –     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           38

5.3 Implication of finding –            –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           41

5.4 Summary –          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           41

5.5  Conclusion          –         –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           41

5.5 Recommendations of the study –        –           –           –           –           –           –           42

5.6 Suggestion For Further Studies –        –           –           –           –           –           –           42

Reference –    –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –

Appendix –   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –

LIST OF TABLES

TABLES       DESCRIPTION                                                      PAGES

Table 4.1:     Age of respondents ———————————————

Table 4.2:     Tribe of the Respondents —————————————–

Table 4.3:     Religions of the Respondents

Table 4.4      Marital status of the respondents —————————

Table 4.5:     Educational Background of respondents —————————————

Table 4.6:     Occupation of the respondents ——————————

Please follow and like us:
error

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *